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centos6.8下配置https服务器

1.1 环境

l  系统环境:内核环境为2.6.32版本  64位的CentOS release 6.8 (Final)

[root@localhost ~]# uname -a

Linux localhost 2.6.32-696.3.1.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue May 30 19:52:55 UTC 2017 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release

CentOS release 6.8 (Final)

l  网络环境:确保能够访问网络

[root@localhost ~]# ping -c 2 www.baidu.com

PING www.a.shifen.com (220.181.112.244) 56(84) bytes of data.

64 bytes from 220.181.112.244: icmp_seq=1 ttl=53 time=4.82 ms

64 bytes from 220.181.112.244: icmp_seq=2 ttl=53 time=4.89 ms

 

--- www.a.shifen.com ping statistics ---

2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 1006ms

rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 4.820/4.856/4.892/0.036 ms

1.2 安装nginx:这里直接使用yum安装

[root@localhost ~]# yum install -y nginx

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror

Setting up Install Process

Repository epel is listed more than once in the configuration

Determining fastest mirrors

……

………省略

Complete!

 

[root@localhost ~]#  rpm -q nginx

nginx-1.10.2-1.el6.x86_64

可以看到yum 安装的nginx的版本为nginx-1.10.2

1.3 上传已经相关证书

创建目录并进入ssl目录

[root@localhost ~]# mkdir -p /etc/nginx/ssl

[root@localhost ~]# cd /etc/nginx/ssl

上传文件(此处可根据具体情况上传文件)

[root@localhost ssl]# yum install -y lrzsz

[root@localhost ssl]# rz -y

 

弹出对话框,双击选中相关证书文件点击ok上传到服务器/etc/nginx/ssl目录下

 

1.4 配置nginx文件

清空原有的ssl.conf文件

[root@localhost ssl]# >/etc/nginx/conf.d/ssl.conf

加入以下内容,并根据自己的需求更改IP,域名和证书文件

[root@localhost ssl]# cat /etc/nginx/conf.d/ssl.conf

#

# HTTPS server configuration

#

proxy_connect_timeout 60;

proxy_send_timeout 120;

proxy_read_timeout 360;

proxy_buffer_size 256k;

proxy_buffers 128 32k;

proxy_busy_buffers_size 512k;

proxy_temp_file_write_size 256k;

proxy_max_temp_file_size 128m;

proxy_redirect off;

proxy_headers_hash_max_size 51200;

proxy_headers_hash_bucket_size 6400;

proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_503 http_404;

 

 

proxy_temp_path  /dev/shm/proxy_temp;

proxy_cache_path /dev/shm/proxy_cache levels=1:2 keys_zone=cache_one:300m inactive=1d max_size=1g;

 

gzip  on;

gzip_min_length  1k;

gzip_buffers     16 16k;

gzip_http_version 1.1;

gzip_comp_level 2;

gzip_types       text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;gzip_vary on;

 

upstream www_server {

server xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:8080 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=30s;

}

 

 

server {

listen 443 ssl;

server_name *.123456.com 123456.com;

 

ssl_certificate           ssl/123456.com.crt;

ssl_certificate_key       ssl/123456.com.key;

ssl_protocols             TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;

ssl_ciphers               ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:AES256-SHA256:RC4:HIGH:!MD5:!aNULL:!eNULL:!NULL:!DH:!EDH:!AESGCM;

ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

 

location / {

proxy_set_header Host $host;

proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;

proxy_set_header REMOTE-HOST $remote_addr;

proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $remote_addr;

proxy_pass  http://www_server;

}

location ~ .*\.(jpg|jpeg|gif|png|swf|css|js|txt|htc|ico)?$ {

proxy_cache cache_one;

proxy_cache_key $host$uri$is_args$args;

add_header Cache "$upstream_cache_status";

proxy_cache_valid 200 304 30m;

proxy_cache_valid 404 500 502 503 504 3s;

proxy_cache_valid any 1h;

expires 2h;

proxy_set_header Host $host;

proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;

proxy_set_header REMOTE-HOST $remote_addr;

proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $remote_addr;

proxy_pass  http://www_server;

}

}

备注:红色地方为需要自己更改的地方

备注:xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx 为您需要增加的后端的IP

1.5 检查配置并启动nginx

检查配置:是否正确(看到ok和successful表示配置正确)

[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/nginx configtest

nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok

nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

启动服务

[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/nginx start

Starting nginx:                                            [  OK  ]

[root@localhost ~]# netstat -lnptu|grep "nginx"

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80                  0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      15260/nginx

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:443                 0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      15260/nginx

可以看到已经开启了80和443端口,表示nginx已经启动成功

1.6 防火墙设置

防火墙应根据服务器具体情况配置:

这边防火墙配置如下:

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/iptables

*filter

:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]

:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

-A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -p icmp -j DROP

-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m multiport --dports 22 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m multiport --dports 80,443 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

COMMIT

重启防火墙

[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/iptables restart

 

到此https配置基本完成。